However, since no anti-malarial drug is 100% effective, prevention is imperative, so wear light coloured clothing, long trousers and long-sleeved shirts in the evening, use effective mosquito repellents, anti-insect room sprays, sleep under a mosquito net or behind mosquito-proof window screens and avoid perfumes or aftershave.
Note: Malaria-carrying mosquitoes bite from dusk until 0630 hrs in the morning so you should be especially vigilant between these times.
Respect the Power of the Sun
For travellers from temperate countries, the greatest problem is the dramatic difference in climatic conditions. The sun’s rays are also a potent enemy, reflecting strongly off light-coloured habitats, penetrating haze and cloud and becoming more powerful at higher altitude.
How to Avoid Sunstroke or Sunburn
Protect yourself with clothing, hats and sunscreen (SPF 30-45) and remember that to ration your daily dosage of sun is your most effective form of protection.
On safari; stop frequently to rest, drink and eat before you need to and if you should suffer from heat exhaustion or heat stroke, cool yourself with shade and/or cold water, take ample fluids and if necessary take Aspirin to lower your temperature and relieve headaches.
A valid passport, not expiring for at least six months, is required for entry into Kenya. A valid entry visa is also required and may be obtained in advance from the Kenyan Embassy or High Commission in your country of origin, or upon arrival in Kenya.
A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required ONLY if you are arriving in Kenya from an infected area.
A number of vaccinations are recommended for visitors to Kenya (check with your doctor in advance).
HIV/AIDS is a serious problem throughout Africa, and an estimated 7- 9 % of the Kenyan population is HIV positive.
Travellers to Kenya are recommended to obtain medical insurance prior to arrival.
Because Kenyan society is less affluent than that of many countries in the developed world, ostentatious or careless displays of wealth or valuables may attract unwelcome attention. Valuable items such as large amounts of cash, and irreplaceable documents should be locked in the your hotel safe. Visitors are advised against walking at night, or in areas other than those recommended by their tourism representatives. Visitors are also advised to ignore the attentions of street children, or of any other persons who may approach them with unsolicited requests.
Hospitals and doctors
A broad selection of highly qualified doctors, surgeons, and dentists exist in both Nairobi and Mombasa. Most lodges and hotels offer resident medical staff and maintain radio or telephone contact with the Flying Doctor Service, which specializes in air evacuations and emergency treatment in East Africa. Temporary membership is available. For further information visit: emergency[a]flydoc.org
Internal air travel
Frequent flights (both scheduled and charter) operate from Nairobi’s Wilson Airport and from Mombasa and Malindi to the main towns and national parks.
It is considered courteous to ask people if you may take their picture before doing so, particularly in the more far-flung rural areas. A small (token) payment for the photograph may be expected, rather more as a form of polite appreciation than anything else.
Never invite trouble
It is always unwise to carry large amounts of money or wear valuable jewellery when travelling. It also pays to remember that calm, politeness and a measured attitude are invaluable assets in a crisis.